Blue mussels are the most popular mussel to farm and eat. Prince Edward Island is the leading producer in Canada.
Good to Know . . .
Mussel farmers leave ropes in the water to attract mussel larvae that are looking for a place to attach themselves.
The ropes are later removed and the mussel seeds transferred into “socks.”
Mussel socks are a Canadian invention. Farmers suspend them from floating lines, or from rafts anchored in protected bays.
Mussels are filter feeders. They get all the nutrients they need by drawing seawater in through their gills and filtering out microscopic creatures and algae.
Mussels and other shellfish are an amazing food. They are rich in minerals such as iron, zinc, and magnesium. They are also a great source of protein.
Shellfish can also remove too many nutrients from the water. To avoid this problem, provincial governments “lease” sites. This helps keep the locations, sizes, and numbers of farms sustainable.